Bathurst was named in 1815 for the 3rd Earl of Bathurst whose ancestral home is at Cirencester, the largest city of the Cotswolds district of Gloucestershire in the UK. In 2016 Bathurst NSW and Cirencester began to establish a closer relationship based upon their historical ties and economic similarities between the regions. In 2019 a formal friendship arrangement was formalised between the two cities.
Having established this formal friendship arrangement both cities shared a desire to move beyond a symbolic relationship and to create a genuine economic partnership to benefit the local businesses and economies of both areas. The first stage in this process was the establishment of the ‘Cotswolds Store’ at the Bathurst Visitor Information Centre in October 2019. The Store stocks a selection of authentic products of Cirencester and the Cotswolds, all carefully selected and personally approved by Lord Bathurst.